среда, 7 октября 2009 г.

A vocabulary, Hebrew, Arabic, and Persian

A vocabulary, Hebrew, Arabic, and Persian,
by the late miss E. Smith.
to which is prefixed, a praxis, on the Arabic alphabet,
by the rev. J. F. Usko, Rector of Orsett, Essex.
London:
1814
PREFACE
The following Vocabulary, which I had the honor of revising in the press, at the request of the lord bishop of st. David's, is useful, as a compendious view of a large portion of the affinity between the Hebrew and Arabic Languages, and occasionally of the Persian. It is interesting, as a novelty ; for though such affinities are frequently pointed out by Hebrew and Arabic Lexicographers, especially by Simonis, Michaelis, &c, (whose labors in this department of Hebrew literature, in all probability, were wholly unknown to Miss E. Smith, Parkhurst, if I mistake not, being her sole guide in Hebrew ;) I am not acquainted with any detached work of the kind, in which the two languages are collated, as in this Vocabulary. It is not only useful and interesting, but is, like her translation of Job, a wonderful performance, considered as the production of a young lady, adorned with all the accomplishments of her sex, and distinguished by the various talents of Poetry, Metaphysics, and moral observation. I have removed a few redundancies, and some doubtful comparisons, and have proposed a few different interpretations, as in the word אריאל.
With respect to pronunciation expressed in Roman letters, I have retained that which was adopted by Miss E. Smith, and which is the Persian manner of pronouncing the Arabic ; but I hope the candid Reader, who knows it better, will kindly overlook things not essential to the main subject, viz. the comparison of the Hebrew with the Arabic.
I have taken all possible pains to have it correctly printed ; yet a few Errata have escaped my notice, and which I have corrected and added to this work.
Besides, I have prefixed a short Praxis on the Arabic Alphabet, with a Key to the true pronunciation of it, which may be useful to the learner of Arabic.
The Samaritan and Syriac Alphabets, with a Praxis to each, are intended by the venerable Lord Bishop of St. David's, as an inducement to the study of these languages, which are of great use and necessity to the Biblical Critic.
John Fred. Usko.
Rectory- House, Orsett, Essex,
July 16, 1814.
EXTRACT FROM TOGHRAI [+1121].
Отрывок из поэмы Туграи
لامية
Nomen ex masculino لامي significat poema in Lam desinens, quia derivatur a littera لام Lam, tanquam possessivum, ideoque significant illlud quod ad litteram Lam pertinet, seu littera Lam terminatur. §30.II. ב, I. et §32, I.
Ламия
Это название означает стихотворение, в котором все бейты (двустишия) оканчиваются на букву Лям.

Carmen Thograi
الخسين أبو أسمعيل آلطغراءيّ
[Хусейн Абу Исмаил Аль-Тугра’и]
قصيدة أبي أسمعيل آلطغراءيّ
آلمعروفة بآلامية آلعجم

إصالة آلرأي صانتني عن الخطل
و حلية آلفضل زانتني لدي آلعطل
مجدي أخيراً ومجدي أولا شرع
وآلشمس رأد آلضحي كآلشمس في آلطفل ٭
أَصَالَة authenticity, originality; constancy, solidity
رَأْي (ج. آرَاء) [n] consideration, view, theory, opinion
صان preserve, protect
خطِل staggering, stumbling, vacillation ; also
perplexity and hesitation in speaking, frivolous
discourse, &c. The learned Golius translates
this first line, Firmitas mentis servavit me a
lapsu.
حِلْيَة (ج. حِلًى) [n] jewel
فَضْل (ج. فُضُول [n] favor, grace; excellence, virtue, &c.
زانتني he adorned (decorated) me
لدي to, with, after, &c.
عطل disorder, failure want of ornaments, idle, &c.
مجّد glory, splendor, greatness, &c.
أخيراً [adv] after all, finally, last, eventually, ultimately, lastly
أولاً [adv] beforehand, first, originally, primarily, firstly
شرعٌ this is a word of various significations,
here it expresses, like, equal, a pair, &c.
Damma doubled adds the sound of on or un
to shara.
رأد explore
ضحأة the mid-day ; basking in the
Sun ; the words radad-duhai, are thus
explained by Scheidius in his Glossary, p. 124.
die ad meridiem tendente.
طفل приближаться к закату (о солнце); краснеть на закате (о солнце)

1. Isalaturrai sanatni anilkhatali
2. Wahilyatulfad.li zanatni lada’latali
3. Majdi akhiran vamaji aw-walan sharaun
4. Wash-shamsu radad-d.ahai kash-shamsi fitta-fali

1. Firmness of mind has saved me from falling,
2. And the ornament of Virtue has decorated me,
during the absence of other ornaments.
3. My glory in the end, and my glory in the
beginning, is equal.
4. And the bright Sun tending towards the meridian,
(is) like the Sun in his evening declination.

1. Generositas animi custodivit me a futilitate.
2. et ornamentum praestantiae ornavit me, cum abessent alia ornamenta.
3. Gloria mea in fine, et Gloria mea in principio.
4. et Sol prope meridiem est instar Solis ad occasum vergentis.

1. здравость разума сохранила меня от ошибочных мнений
2. и добродетель украсила меня, когда не было других украшений
3. моя слава в начале и моя слава в конце равны между собой
4. и солнце, стремящееся к зениту такое же, как и солнце, склоняющееся к закату.

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